Blood and Urine Tests That Could Indicate Autism in Children

Researchers believe a new kind of blood and urine test could indicate autism in children.

Academics conducted research on damaged proteins and believe that their results are the first of their kind and could eventually lead to earlier detection of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD).

The University of Warwick researchers discovered chemical differences between blood and urine samples taken from a group of 38 children diagnosed with ASD and a control group of 31 children without ASD, between the ages of five and 12.

ASDs are defined as developmental disorders mainly affecting social interaction and include a wide spectrum of behavioural problems, including speech disturbances, repetitive and/or compulsive behaviour, hyperactivity, anxiety, and difficulty to adapt to new environments, some with or without cognitive impairment.

The academic team behind the research believe the tests will eventually mean children with autism could be given appropriate treatment much earlier in their lives.

Dr Naila Rabbani, reader of experimental systems biology at the University of Warwick, said that the discovery “could lead to earlier diagnosis and intervention.” Hoping the tests will also reveal new causative factors. Further testing may reveal specific plasma and urinary profiles or ‘fingerprints’ of compounds with damaging modifications. This could help improve the diagnosis of ASD and open up possibilities of discovering the cause of these disorders.

UK autism research charity, Autistica is remaining cautious about the results. At this stage results are not strong enough to suggest that this method of research could be used for a diagnosis of Autism.

Researching blood can prove a very interesting task. It offers a lot of different answers to questions and queries that people have about the human body and can open up doors to intense research such as cures for illnesses and diagnostics, like with Autism. If you’re interested in the taking and researching of blood, book a course today.


Anaemia Treatments Set to Rise after Red Blood Cell Discovery

University students made a discovery whilst investigating why the body fails to make enough red blood cells in iron-restricted anaemias. Their findings concern the role of the hormone erythropoietin (EPO) in the production of red blood cells, which sends instructions to bone marrow stem cells, which then receive them through EPO receptors on their outside surfaces.

Anaemia is a blood disorder, affecting nearly two billion people worldwide, in which either the body has insufficient red blood cells for carrying oxygen to tissues, or the red blood cells are faulty and cannot do their job properly. This can lead to fatigue, poor concentration and general physical weakness.

A student noticed, whilst examining bone marrow cells in the laboratory, that they contained lots of EPO receptor inside them, but not on their outside surfaces – this caused them to wonder if the reason that EPO hormone instructions fail in some people’s bodies is because their bone marrow cells do not have enough receptors on their surfaces.

After running several different tests on laboratory mice, researchers had found the answer they were looking for. They found that mice with enforced surface retention of the receptor failed to develop anaemia with iron deprivation, however, there was still a missing link in their investigation.

As more tests were carried out, they soon found out that if iron levels drop too low, a particular protein that regulates the EPO receptor vanishes. The protein, which is coded by the SCRIB gene, is called Scribble. A Scribble deficiency reduces surface expression of EPO receptor but selectively retains survival signalling, meaning that iron levels in the blood affect the level of Scribble, which decides whether EPO receptors gather inside or on the outside of the bone marrow cells.

The researchers hope that their discoveries about how to “fix EPO resistance” will lead to new treatments for anaemia, however in the meantime, if you’d like to learn more about blood, you can book a phlebotomy course today. Call us for more information, we’d love to hear your queries.


8 Vital Questions About Phlebotomy Training

So, you’ve decided to become a phlebotomist. We think that’s brilliant! Welcome to a wonderful world where no two days will ever be the same. Now you have to take the next step and get your qualification, so you can start finding your dream phlebotomy job.

If you are doing your research you will no doubt find a few phlebotomy training providers in the UK. We think this research is a vital part of the phlebotomy process, so we would like to offer our advice on some vital questions to ask when looking at phlebotomy training providers.

1 Who will the certificate come from, and what is their standing as an awarding body?

Our certificates are awarded by One Awards, and are nationally recognised in the Healthcare Sector in the UK.

  1. Will you get to use clip and disposable tourniquets?

At PTS you will get to use both.

  1. Will you be trained to use safety equipment in accordance with Statutory Instrument 645?

This is par for the course at PTS, as it is an essential skill for a working phlebotomist.

  1. Will You use the S-Monovette system as well as the Evacuated system?

In one of our courses you will be taught them both, to the fullest extent.

  1. Is there a limit on the amount of equipment that you will be allowed to use?

We bring more equipment than you could ever need to each of our courses – we work hard to ensure you have everything you need to gain your certification.

  1. How long has your provider been established?

PTS was founded in 2007 by Alison Purkiss, a phlebotomist herself with over 20 year’s experience.

  1. Is your chosen provider respected and trusted within the healthcare sector.

Phlebotomy Training Services have worked as advisors to the BBC, amongst many other large, respected organisations.

  1. Can you see honest feedback and reviews from your chosen provider?

Just have a look at our Facebook page at one of our many, many pieces of feedback.

If you would like to know more about any of the services or training that we provide then just call us on 01609 751 610 or contact us here. We’d be more than happy to talk.


Why We Do What We Do

Phlebotomy Training Services have been providing phlebotomy training for over 10 years. We were founded as the director, Alison, thought there was a lack of quality training available in the UK and sought to change that.

From the outset the idea was to provide the best training possible, ultimately so people could find consistent work as professional phlebotomists.

Recently we received a message from a student who had taken our course 4 years ago who said:

‘Been in work for the last 4 years since doing this course. Alison & Andrew are ace.’

Which are were delighted to receive.

If you would like to learn about how to start a new career path as a phlebotomist then just give us a call on 01609 751 610, we’d love to have a chat.


A Company Has Developed Artificial Blood, Which Could Revolutionise Trauma Treatments

Blood transfusions have successfully been used to treat trauma patients since the 19th century. However, the act has never been without risks. Even when matching blood type to blood type, accidents do happen, and sometimes diseases from the donor can be passed along to the recipient.

But, a company has recently developed an artificial blood, which can be used to successfully treat trauma patients, with no risks of disease transmission.

SpheriTech, a British company, has developed synthetic blood it calls SpheriSome Hb which is a haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier.

After this development SpheriTech received an undisclosed sum in research funds from Innovative UK to further develop this revolutionary product.

Dr Don Wellings, founder and MD of SpheriTech based in Runcorn, Cheshire, said: “The use of donated blood in transfusion therapy, while effective in restoring an adequate supply of oxygen in the body of the recipient, has several limitations.

“Although testing procedures exist to detect the presence of certain diseases in blood, these procedures cannot eliminate completely the risk of blood-borne disease.”

Medical research accounts for a huge number of our students at Phlebotomy Training Services. Phlebotomy is the act of taking a small amount of blood, typically for study/research purposes. We offer several courses which enable people to become practicing phlebotomists, however the simplest route to take is our basic course.

This weekend course rewards students with an industry recognised certificate in phlebotomy, enabling them to work as phlebotomists.

PTS are recognised as one of the leading training providers of phlebotomy in the UK, and it’s founder, Alison Purkiss, is one of the most experienced and knowledgeable phlebotomists in the country. We are often used as support for places like the BBC and Universities.

To find out how we can help you step down a new career path as a phlebotomist just call us on 01609 751 610 or contact us here.


Does High Blood Sugar Decrease Brain Tumours?

An unexpected discovery has potentially been made this week as researchers are saying that brain tumours that previously emerged from diabetes and obesity are less likely to emerge from those with higher blood sugar. This new discovery could shed light on the development of meningiomas tumours sprouting from the brain and spinal cord. These tumours are usually benign but still carry a huge risk as the surgery to remove them could pose a threat to the patient’s life.

Previous research had established that slow-growing tumours were most common in those who were obese or suffered from diabetes – probing researchers to set out looking for a relationship or common link between the blood markers and meningiomas. High blood sugar is a component of diabetes and a precursor to its development – making type 2 diabetes and obesity closely linked.

When Swedish researchers compared blood tests and samples of over 41,000 people with meningiomas diagnoses they found that, particularly in women, high blood pressure decreased the chances of brain tumours in the patient. Though meningiomas are rarely cancerous, they behave in a very similar way, leading scientists to wonder if some relationships with tumours and possible risk factors would also be similar.

From data collected between 1985 and 2012, researchers identified 296 cases of meningioma with more than 61% being female patients. The women with the highest blood sugar were less than half as likely to develop a tumour as opposed to those with lower readings. However, the relationship was not statistically significant when researchers looked at those of men’s.

The results of this investigation could lead to a clear explanation of how tumours develop and grow and could potentially enrol researchers on the path to improved diagnostic techniques.

If you’re interested in the study of blood or want to know more about how our body’s work, you can take our phlebotomy training course. Call us today for more info on 01609 751 610 or book onto our basic course here.



GiveBlood NHS Defends Ongoing Demand for Black Blood Donors

For decades in the UK, there has been emphasis on increasing the amount of blood donations. The NHS are especially keen to receive donations from those with rare blood types, or from ethnic minorities.

Earlier in November, GiveBlood NHS took to Twitter to defend their long running campaign specifically for black blood donors. The thread went on to list the various blood types and explain that someone from a black background are more likely to have a rare blood type called Ro. This Ro blood type is essential in transfusions required for treating sickle cell anaemic patients.

The purpose of the Twitter thread was to justify their specific desire for a particular ethnic group, amidst accusations of racism and ignorance.

You can read the full thread here.

As a trained phlebotomist, you may have to treat patients needing a blood transfusion at some point in your career. To enquire about our upcoming courses, call us on 01609 751 610 or to make a booking, visit this page.


A New Detection Method for Bowel Cancer in the UK

A new method of detecting bowel cancer is currently being trialled by scientists in the UK. This new procedure could diagnose patients with the use of a simple blood sample as opposed to invasive procures such as colonoscopy – the insertion and examination of the bowel using a flexible tube – a method which proves risks of heavy bleeding or perforation of the bowel.

Experts are saying that this new technique is nothing other than a finger-prick drop of blood on a piece of paper and could revolutionise bowel cancer screening and diagnosis, picking the disease up much sooner and increasing the chances of survival while sparing patients of the invasive colonoscopy procedure.

The new test looks for certain molecules in the blood, known as biomarkers – released by cancer cells, as well as looking for chemicals that are produced by tumours. These chemicals change the way the body absorbs nutrients from food inside the gut and as a result can affect the body’s use of proteins and carbohydrates, and this can be detected in the blood sample.

Giving results within 24 hours, the test measures 30 to 40 markers that are most likely to signify bowel cancer. Earlier studies show its accuracy is comparable to the common stool test, detecting 87% of colorectal cancers, used to identify bowel cancer when a patient is experiencing issues with their bowel movements. The blood test also detects 83% of polyps, small growths on the inner lining of the colon, which can grow into cancer and need removing, whereas a stool test is known to only detect 42% of these growths.

The trial of this new method of detecting bowel cancer in its early stages, will collect 660 blood samples from GP referred patients after receiving a positive screening test result. Following the trial, the new blood test could be used in widespread screening programmes, allowing doctors to identify the signs of cancer, or the potential components that can cause cancer.

Around 41,000 British people are diagnosed with bowel cancer every year, making it the UK’s second biggest cancer killed.

Phlebotomy Training Services are leading providers of phlebotomy training in the UK. Medical researchers are some of the biggest practitioners in the UK, and if you find yourself working in this field once you are qualified then you may be instrumental in the development of such a discovery. To find out more call us on 01609 751 610.


Why You Should Choose PTS

One of a kind:

We are one of very few in the UK providing phlebotomy training. Of those few, there are an even smaller minority whose courses are certified by One Awards, a certification which is vital in allowing you to work as a trained phlebotomist in the future.

Our Phlebotomy Training Course can boost your medical career prospects:

Our courses are highly recommended; as evident by the amount of positive feedback we receive from students who successfully completed it (read some here!). The qualification can open opportunities in a variety of healthcare professions, such as Dentistry and Nursing. In addition to this, our courses are also suitable for Dietitians, Nutritionists, and Personal Trainers to name a few. PTS training courses are not limited to these specific professions, as we have an excellent basic course offering the fundamentals required to become a qualified phlebotomist, thus boosting your CV credibility.


Founded in North Yorkshire, the Phlebotomy Training Services has been carrying out basic and advanced courses specialising in teaching the withdrawal of blood for around 10 years. The training we offer is carried out across multiple cities in the UK, and proves to be very popular. We aim to assign each trainer with 6 students, so each learner can benefit from precise and detailed guidance. Through providing our courses across the country, we have developed close ties with a variety of NHS hospitals, trusts, and GP practices, which signifies our integrity as a bespoke phlebotomy training provider.

So, whether you are a medical professional, complementary leisure professional, or seeking training in blood-taking, PTS are a comprehensive training company, offering you dedicated, specialised teaching to become a successful phlebotomist.

To find out about basic and advanced course dates in your nearest city, visit this page. Alternatively, call us on 01609 751 610, or drop us an email at


Potential Health Issues Stemming from Blood Types

New research has found that your blood type could have an effect on your health – in both positive and negative ways.

For years scientists have thought that your blood type only matters when it comes to transfusions. However, a recent study has shown that your blood type can play a key role in how resistant or susceptible you are to certain illnesses.

For example, if you are blood type AB, you have a 26% more chance of developing stomach cancer than blood types B or O. If you’re type A, it’s 20% higher than O and B. Gustaf Edgern’s, the principle researcher, study concluded that a common bacteria in our stomachs, known as H. Pylori may be to blame for this as those with type AB or A blood may have a more aggressive reaction to it, increasing the risks of cancer. The H. Pylori bacteria is also responsible for stomach ulcers, thus meaning that type AB or type A again are at a higher risk of suffering from ulcers than type O and B.

However, Type O isn’t immune to everything! In-fact, it’s been proven that O blood types are more vulnerable to norovirus, the potentially lethal vomiting and diarrhoea bug. Also, men with type O blood could be more prone to obesity, say Danish researchers. Although being type O isn’t all that bad as this type is 37% less likely to develop pancreatic cancer, suggests the National Cancer Institute. Once again, researchers point towards the stomach bacteria H. Pylori.

Your blood group can even effect your conception!

A US study of more than 560 women in fertility treatment found that those with type O blood were up to twice as likely to have a lower egg count or poorer egg quality. Group A women seemed better protected against their egg count falling over time. There are also fears that omen with type AB blood may treble the risk of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy.

If you’d like to study blood types for yourself, you can enrol on one of our phlebotomy courses. Visit our ‘book a course’ page to secure your place today! Alternatively, if you’d like to find out more you can call us on 01609 751 610.